Throughout history, the night sky has been the object of much speculation, investigation and imagination by scientists and mathematicians, as well as the subject for creations and compositions by musicians and visual artists. Mozart’s (12) “Variations on ‘Ah Vous Dirai-je Maman” and “The Starry Night” by Vincent Van Gogh will stimulate students’ interest in the art of the evening sky.
Through reading the story Freddy the Frog and the Thump in the Night by Sharon Burch, students will discover how to read music notes in the treble clef and then will learn to perform simple songs on xylophones.
Music was one way the soldiers of the American Civil War could both pass the time and remember home and family. They whistled or sang familiar songs while performing menial duties, and some played instruments such as harmonicas and fiddles during their free time. Students will compare and contrast a Union song and a Confederate song, and see firsthand what these soldiers were experiencing.
Students will have made visual and numerical representations of change by making aural observations of the musical dynamics of a recorded excerpt from Beethoven's Fifth Symphony, first movement. They will record the data in a bar graph and make observations about the changes and effects, which they may apply as a storytelling device.
This lesson is designed to help students gain understanding of Beethoven and his music. We will research Beethoven’s life and music and will compose a letter to him. We will discuss how Beethoven used instrumentation or timbre, dynamics and tempo, and other elements of music to evoke a large variety of emotions for those listening to his music. We will then use the book Sing My Song: A Kid’s Guide to Songwriting by Steve Seskin, to work collaboratively to compose a song with a message that we feel is important to our listeners.
Students will learn to appreciate the beauty of the instruments in an orchestra, differentiate the sounds created by the instruments and relate the music to artwork Los Tres Musicos by Pablo Picasso, and the following exhibits at the National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum: The Guitar: Art, Artists and Artisans; The Power of Music - Photographic Portraits of Americans and their Musical Instruments 1860-1915.
Students listen to Vivaldi's The Four Seasons, Autumn, and describe emotion, tempo, and dynamics. Students engage kinesthetically as they move to the music and learn about the composer. Students learn the scientific reasons for fall leaves changing color. Students sing the poem "Little Leaves" to the tune of Twinkle, Twinkle and the tune of Row, Row, Row Your Boat. Students do a choral reading of "Colors of Fall." Students will collect real autumn leaves, then draw and paint them as their interpretation of Vivaldi's Autumn.
This lesson is designed to teach how sound is produced and how its qualities change depending on the medium through which vibrations pass. The students will be able to 1) identify parts of a sound (sine) wave: amplitude, frequency, phase, crest, and valley; 2) explain the difference between a pure tone and a sound with harmonics; and 3) explain how different musical instruments produce different qualities of sound (timbre).
Students will learn to recognize a five-tone scale. Students will sing or perform known American folksongs together in class. Advanced students will be able to identify all five pitches and even discern the actual pentatonic scale being used.
Students will listen to Music for the Royal Fireworks by George Frideric Handel (commissioned to celebrate the signed Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1749) and design a virtual fireworks display to accompany the music. Students will learn that the specific colors in a firework display are created when atoms of a particular element or a combination of elements are energized by the firework's heat. They will learn that the shape of the firework display is determined by the shape and structure of one particular component inside the firework shell.
Students will complete two language arts activities for this lesson. In the first activity, students use folk songs from the era of the California Gold Rush, which are introduced in the early chapters of By the Great Horn Spoon! by Sid Fleishman, to identify folk song motifs in the classical music of Antonín Dvořák. This will be explored by the students' creation of a labeled line drawing of one of Dvořák 's compositions.