This lesson is a small part of a larger unit on the science of sound. The unit has several sections, including: how sound is made, the elements of sound, how sounds travel, and how we hear sounds. This particular lesson is part of the section in which we distinguish the difference between musical sound and noise. We examine the different ways in which musical instruments make sound - or the different way each one creates vibrations of air.
Students will be able to identify "same" and "different" in sections of “Trepak” from The Nutcracker by Pyotr Tchaikovsky, while learning and practicing different kinds of locomotor and non-locomotor movements. Students will work on skipping, galloping, hopping, jumping, walking, tiptoeing as well as bending, twisting, and stretching all in time with the music. Students will be able to identify when the tempo of the music gets faster.
Students will listen to Copland's Appalachian Spring while listening to a reading of Heartland by Diane Siebert. They will listen for sensory details in both the music and the literature. Students will then write their own poems and create a watercolor.
Students will learn about dynamics, tempo, acoustics and instruments in the music of Charles Ives. Students will be introduced to and learn about the literary term onomatopoeia, and how it can relate to the sounds composed by Ives in The Unanswered Question, Central Park in the Dark and Symphony No 4. Students will then relate the literary term to musical expression. Making the connection between literacy and music, students will create their own musical onomatopoeias using various media, such as watercolor, tempera paint, crayons, magazine text and markers.
This lesson plan was developed for three- to five-year old developmentally delayed students. It is a very simplified study of the three movements of Vivaldi's The Four Seasons: Spring. The three movements demonstrate the tempos of allegro and largo, and provide opportunity for children to move in dance and play rhythm instruments to the music and the words of Vivaldi's sonnets. Varied art activities, nature walks and children's literature about spring and the weather are an integral part of the lesson.
Students will understand how three famous people made a significant contribution to the performing arts. They will read a timeline, demonstrate map skills, learn and perform a simple rhythmic pattern using various percussion instruments. Using adjectives and verbs, students will describe the animal that they have selected for their ballet performance. They will listen to an historical account of the event as well as listen and dance like elephants to Stravinsky’s Circus Polka: For a Young Elephant.
Students will recognize the instruments of the orchestra from sight and sound by utilizing the www.sfskids.org website. They will compare the sounds of different instruments and learn to classify them into four families. Students will make their own fabric square to be sewn into a quilt that will be displayed in the classroom.
Students will determine moods created by a piece of music and will analyze how the composer created the feelings. Students will determine the character traits/moods of story characters by analyzing the adjectives, adverbs, and verbs used by the author. Finally, students will determine which piece of music best represents the characters from a story.
Students will be introduced to the great jazz composer and band leader, Duke Ellington by listening to his re-composed, re-orchestrated version of Nutcracker Suite by Pyotr Tchaikovsky, following a previously taught thematic lesson about Tchaikovsky's classic. Students use there prior knowledge of musical concepts and the instrumentation of Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite to recognize similar melodies in Ellington's work to that of Tchaikovsky. Share and Discuss >View Lesson Plan (PDF 0.1MB)