This integrated lesson, focusing on United States History, incorporates learning about the Wild West and the western outlaw Billy the Kid through the music of Aaron Copland. The lesson provides musical reflection and each movement of Copland’s ballet Billy the Kid work and opportunity to experience deep listening for the elements of Dynamics, Articulation, Rhythm and Tempo (DART).
This lesson will contrast Aaron Copland's Appalachian Spring (classical) and Stephane Furic's Crossing Brooklyn Ferry (jazz), and the role the poems Crossing Brooklyn Ferry by Walt Whitman and The Bridge by Hart Crane, bring to the music.
The lesson helps the students learn to compare and contrast their current life with the past. It is designed to help them learn to more thoughtfully listen to a composer's piece and write a descriptive paragraph of their interpretation.
Students will use the San Francisco Symphony's kids website - sfskids.org - to choose music that supports the events and people associated with the history of Oklahoma, such as Native Americans, explorers and exploration, Civil War, Trail of Tears, Land Run, and farmers and ranchers. Students will write two or three sentences to explain and support their selection of music. In small groups, students will create a statue or tableau depicting one of the events. Students will perform their statue or tableau for the class with their musical selection as a background.
Students will gain knowledge of the life and music of Ludwig van Beethoven. Within the study, students will be able to identify and use processes important to reconstructing and reinterpreting the past by using a variety of sources; providing, validating, and weighing evidence for claims; checking credibility of sources; and searching for causality, to seek to determine the identity of Beethoven’s Immortal Beloved.
After exploring nature and country life through literature, poetry, visual art, science and social science, young children will explore feelings about nature by responding with movement to Beethoven's Symphony No. 6 in F Major, Opus 68, known as Pastoral Symphony, or Recollections of Country Life. By listening to the words of Beethoven (from documented source materials), students will become familiar with his feelings and his desire to express these feelings through his Symphony No. 6.
Students will be able to relate the similarities and differences experienced by orchestra members and students of a first grade class as connected to the idea of the interdependence within a community. They will recognize that as members of a classroom community there are expectations for jobs, behavior, and intrinsic motivation to function to the best of the individual's ability.
The students will describe the life of Duke Ellington and his contributions to the field of jazz. The students will create "nick names" similar to jazz performers of the 1920's by using adjectives that describe themselves. The students will create an original poem using a variety of popular vocabulary from the 1920s as well as adjectives that describe a mood they feel from listening to the musical selection. The students will create an illustration to decorate an adjective word wall in the room.
In this lesson, students are introduced to spirituals - songs created and sang by enslaved African Americans for many reasons including: expressing values, a source of inspiration and motivation, an expression of protest and coded communication. Students will listen to spirituals and sing a spiritual, then identify characteristics of spirituals. Students will decode a spiritual.
After deep listening to Aaron Copland's Rodeo, Buckaroo Holiday, students will understand that music may add to and/or change the mood of written words, spoken words, or pictures for the listener or observer. They will also learn that music often tells its own story. Students will match historic photos to the music and learn to listen to music with open minds while visualizing what the music is depicting. Students used the photographs as models for their illustrations.
This cooperative improvisation between fifth and second grade students can be planned and performed in less than one hour, but preparation for the event should include several previous experiences including viewing the famous painting, Washington Crossing the Delaware by Emanuel Leutze, hearing the historical details from a variety of sources, engaging in student discussions of the events surround the planning and the Battle of Trenton and identifying targeted musical concepts.